Triglav is the highest mountain in what used to be Yugoslavia. Now it crowns the new country of Slovenia, the most stable, western-oriented, and peaceful of the former Yugoslav republics. It lies only 15 miles from the Austrian and Italian borders, crowning the Julian Alps subrange.
Triglav is one great big huge hunk of dolomite. No trees, plants, soil, or even boulders are to be found on the peak's slopes--just expanses of glistening white limestone. The technical rock climbing on the peak is superb, and the "trails" are all very steep.
Triglav is also the only major mountain in the world depicted on a national flag. A stylized view of the mountain's three summits in a shield is in the center of the flag of Slovenia.
The standard route on Triglav starts at a hut called Alyazhev Dom, reached at the end of a road from Mojstrana. A heavily-used trail runs up the sheer sides of the dolomite, frequently using ladders, cables, and metal spikes drilled into the rock--although these aids make the ascent not difficult for confident hikers, those afraid of heights and exposure should stay back down at the giant carabiner sculpture near the hut.
After the initial ascent the path winds about on a stark, rolling limestone landscape devoid of plants, talus, or soil. After passing the Triglavski Dom high mountain hut, the path climbs up with the help of more ladders and cables over a false summit and on to the very top. When I was there the summit was a zoo--enterprising vendors had hauled up ice-chests full of cold soda and beer, there was a line for the outhouse, and you could even get a special stamp on a document of your choice attesting to your accomplishment.
There are many other more difficult routes on the mountain, including many that attack the sheer face that overlooks the Alyazhev Dom. For a taste of adventure, one might try ascending the Plemence ridge from the col to the west of the summit--it's very steep and difficult, and the cables on the route are frayed and look like they haven't seen maintenance since the time of Tito, but strong climbers should find the exposure exhilalarating. Other hikers may enjoy strolling around the extensive and bizarre dolomite moonscape in the vicinity of the summit instead.