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World Peaks with 1000 km of Isolation

Showing François Desaulniers's first ascent dates for climbed peaks (1 out of 86, or 1.16%)

RankPeakIsol-KmCountry Elev-M IslandArea-SqKmAscentsAscent Date
1.Mount EverestInfiniteChina/Nepal8848  57 
2.K21315.6China/Pakistan8614  14 
3.Aconcagua16517.6Argentina6962  175 
4.Nevado Huascarán2207.5Peru6768  20 
5.Denali7450.2United States6190  208 
6.Kilimanjaro5509.6Tanzania5895  658 
7.Pico Cristóbal Colón1287.1Colombia5730  2 
8.Elbrus2469.9Russia5642  198 
9.Pico de Orizaba2690.1Mexico5636  283 
10.Damavand1164.7Iran5610  62 
11.Vinson Massif4910.7Antarctica4892  34 
12.Carstensz Pyramid5235.0Indonesia4884New Guinea785,75333 
13.Mont Blanc2812.0France/Italy4810  265 
14.Klyuchevskaya Sopka2746.9Russia4750  2 
15.Ras Dashen1482.1Ethiopia4543  24 
16.Mount Kirkpatrick1585.2Antarctica4528  0 
17.Mount Whitney2649.5United States4419  2555 
18.Mount Elbert1079.1United States4399  1384 
19.Mount Rainier1176.7United States4392  2015 
20.Mauna Kea3946.9United States4205Hawaii (Big Island)10,434565 
21.Jebel Toubkal2078.2Morocco4167  174 
22.Mount Minto1244.8Antarctica4166  0 
24.Dome Argus1236.6Antarctica4093  0 
25.Cerro San Valentín1130.2Chile4058  0 
26.Mount Cameroon2337.7Cameroon4040  24 
28.Gunung Kerinci1904.0Indonesia3805Sumatra443,06617 
30.Gunung Rinjani1600.7Indonesia3726Lombok4,62533 
31.Mount Cook3139.1New Zealand3724South Island145,83620 
32.Gunnbjørn Fjeld3254.1Greenland3694Greenland2,130,80013 
33.Thabana Ntlenyana3003.8Lesotho3482  25 
34.Emi Koussi1998.8Chad3445  2 
35.Mount Hope1113.5Antarctica3239  0 
36.Pik BAM1227.8Russia3072  0 
37.Piton des Neiges2766.6Reunion3071Réunion2,53522 
38.Gora Pobeda1234.2Russia3003  0 
39.Sapitwa Peak1271.6Malawi3002  19 
40.Mount Paget2206.3South Georgia2915South Georgia3,7180 
41.Tahat1153.2Algeria2908  3 
42.Pico da Bandeira2344.1Brazil2891  5 
44.Pico de Cano1672.4Cape Verde2829Fogo47415 
45.Big Ben2026.1Heard and McDonald Islands2745Heard Island3720 
46.Paektu-san1014.6North Korea/China2744  4 
47.Anai Mudi2090.2India2695  2 
48.Moro de Môco1727.4Angola2620  1 
49.Galdhøpiggen1568.3Norway2469  147 
50.Montanha do Pico1451.3Portugal2351Pico46160 
51.Mont Orohena4128.1French Polynesia2241Tahiti1,0361 
52.Mount Kosciuszko1894.3Australia2228  229 
53.Queen Mary's Peak2661.7Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da Cunha2060Tristan da Cunha2020 
54.Mount Mitchell1913.5United States2037  1276 
55.Loma Mansa1570.8Sierra Leone1945  2 
56.Mount Washington1318.9United States1917  39512010-09-05
57.Gora Narodnaya1835.4Russia1895  0 
58.Mauga Silisili2245.2Samoa1858Savai‘i1,7094 
59.Volcán Wolf1319.2Ecuador1707Isabela4,7112 
60.Gora Kamen1300.6Russia1701  0 
61.Gora Yamantau1150.7Russia1638  0 
62.Novaya Zemlya High Point1077.4Russia1547North Novaya Zemlya47,0790 
63.Mount Zeil1549.3Australia1531  1 
64.Mount Victoria1037.0Fiji Islands1324Viti Levu10,5316 
65.Mont Temetiu1407.5French Polynesia1276Hiva Oa3180 
66.Mount Meharry1308.5Australia1249  4 
67.Mascarin Peak1804.9South Africa1230Marion Island2950 
68.Hombori Tondo1008.0Mali1155  2 
69.Bluff Knoll1225.7Australia1095  13 
70.Mont Marion-Dufresne1106.3French Southern Lands1090Ile de l'Est1220 
71.Agrihan High Point1898.0Northern Marianas977Agrihan408 
72.Morne Seychellois1107.8Seychelles905Mahé1546 
73.Mont de la Dives1408.7French Southern Lands881Île Amsterdam600 
74.Green Mountain1798.2Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da Cunha859Ascension Island881 
75.Diana's Peak1293.2Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da Cunha823St. Helena1220 
77.Olavtoppen1851.2Bouvet Island780Bouvet Island500 
78.Pico Trinidade1147.2Brazil690Trindade100 
79.Perahu1185.2French Polynesia633Rapa400 
80.Maunga Terevaka2831.7Chile507Easter Island11712 
81.Mont Duff1067.5French Polynesia491Mangaréva180 
82.Town Hill1136.1Bermuda76Bermuda3915 
83.Joes Hill1902.8Kiribati13Kiritimati 0 
84.Minami Tori Shima High Point1017.9Japan9Minami Tori Shima10 
85.Diego Garcia High Point1676.7British Indian Ocean Territory7Diego Garcia442 
86.Wake High Point1083.7U.S. Minor Pacific Islands6Wake Island80 

Front Runners List: Click here to see list completion progress by climbers that log their climbs using

Multiple Ascents Grid: Click here for a grid showing all of François Desaulniers's ascents of peaks on this list (including up to 10 rounds of repeats).

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List Description

Isolation for any given peak is defined as the distance (in miles or kilometers) from that peak to the nearest higher land. There are no peaks higher than the given summit within the circle with a radius of its isolation distance.

This list is the first attempt to create a comprehensive and accurate list of all the peaks in the world with an isolation distance of 1000 km (621 miles) or more, based on distance to nearest higher ground. Many isolation lists, including earlier versions of this one, used distance to nearest higher summit in a database instead of the more meaningful distance to the Isolation Limit Point (ILP or nearest higher ground). However, all peaks on this list have had their ILPs manually created and checked, and the list is believed to be complete.

There could still be errors or omissions on this list. The primary issue complicating the research for isolation peaks is coral atolls. There are huge archipelagos of these extremely low flat islands, such as the Marshall Islands or the Tuamotu Islands, and if one of them is a meter higher than the rest it could have a huge isolation number. So confidence is not very high in stating that the Wake Island high point, (6 meters high) has an isolation of 1085 km based on distance to the Likiep atoll (10 meters).

Indeed, many small mid-oceanic islands show up on this list, and the worldwide peak map shows a very interesting pattern, as if the peak dots were placed completely randomly without regard to landmasses. About 30 peaks on mid-oceanic islands such as Fiji, Samoa, Tahiti, Easter Island, Diego Garcia, Bermuda, Saint Helena, and others make this list, over a third of the total. You can sort this list by the "Island" or "Area" columns to group together peaks on islands.

(Note that previous versions of this list did not assign a rank to peaks located on islands with areas under 1000 square kilometers, but that arbitrary distinction has been abolished. Now all peaks are treated equally, no matter if the area within their isolation radius is mostly land or water.)

For the globe-trotting peakbagger, this is a somewhat attractive list, similar to the World 100 Most Prominent Peaks list, with which it shares 28 peaks. The only 8000 meter peaks on the list are Everest and K2.

One interesting quirk of this list is the distribution by country. Here are the six largest countries by area and their count of 1000 km isolation peaks:

  • Russia: 8
  • Canada: 0
  • China: 3 (all on the border)
  • USA: 7
  • Brazil: 2
  • Australia: 4

It is very odd that the second largest country has zero peaks on this list, with the most isolated peaks in Canada being Mount Barbeau and Mount Caubvick, both with under 800 km. Large areas of land with a continuous slope or a "staircase" of higher and higher peaks will not produce many high-isolation peaks, and this appears to be the case for Canada.


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