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World Peaks with 1000 km of Isolation

Showing François Desaulniers's first ascent dates for climbed peaks (1 out of 86, or 1.16%)

RankPeakIsol-MiCountry Elev-Ft IslandArea-SqMiAscentsAscent Date
1.Mount EverestInfiniteChina/Nepal29,029  57 
2.Aconcagua10263.6Argentina22,841  175 
3.Denali4629.4United States20,310  208 
4.Kilimanjaro3423.5Tanzania19,341  658 
5.Carstensz Pyramid3252.9Indonesia16,024New Guinea303,38033 
6.Vinson Massif3051.3Antarctica16,050  34 
7.Mont Orohena2565.1French Polynesia7352Tahiti4001 
8.Mauna Kea2452.5United States13,796Hawaii (Big Island)4,029565 
9.Gunnbjørn Fjeld2022.0Greenland12,118Greenland822,70313 
10.Mount Cook1950.6New Zealand12,218South Island56,30720 
11.Thabana Ntlenyana1866.5Lesotho11,424  25 
12.Maunga Terevaka1759.6Chile1663Easter Island4512 
13.Mont Blanc1747.3France/Italy15,781  265 
14.Piton des Neiges1719.1Reunion10,075Réunion97922 
15.Klyuchevskaya Sopka1706.9Russia15,584  2 
16.Pico de Orizaba1671.6Mexico18,491  283 
17.Queen Mary's Peak1653.9Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da Cunha6759Tristan da Cunha780 
18.Mount Whitney1646.3United States14,498  2554 
20.Elbrus1534.7Russia18,510  198 
21.Pico da Bandeira1456.6Brazil9485  5 
22.Mount Cameroon1452.6Cameroon13,255  24 
23.Mauga Silisili1395.1Samoa6096Savai‘i6604 
24.Nevado Huascarán1371.7Peru22,205  20 
25.Mount Paget1370.9South Georgia9564South Georgia1,4360 
26.Anai Mudi1298.8India8842  2 
27.Jebel Toubkal1291.4Morocco13,671  174 
29.Big Ben1259.0Heard and McDonald Islands9006Heard Island1440 
30.Emi Koussi1242.0Chad11,302  2 
31.Mount Mitchell1189.0United States6684  1276 
32.Gunung Kerinci1183.1Indonesia12,484Sumatra171,06817 
33.Joes Hill1182.4Kiribati43Kiritimati 0 
34.Agrihan High Point1179.3Northern Marianas3204Agrihan158 
35.Mount Kosciuszko1177.0Australia7310  229 
36.Olavtoppen1150.3Bouvet Island2559Bouvet Island190 
37.Gora Narodnaya1140.4Russia6217  0 
39.Mascarin Peak1121.5South Africa4035Marion Island1140 
40.Green Mountain1117.4Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da Cunha2819Ascension Island341 
41.Moro de Môco1073.4Angola8596  1 
42.Diego Garcia High Point1041.8British Indian Ocean Territory23Diego Garcia172 
43.Pico de Cano1039.2Cape Verde9281Fogo18315 
44.Gunung Rinjani994.6Indonesia12,224Lombok1,78633 
45.Mount Kirkpatrick985.0Antarctica14,856  0 
46.Loma Mansa976.0Sierra Leone6381  2 
47.Galdhøpiggen974.5Norway8100  147 
48.Mount Zeil962.7Australia5023  1 
49.Ras Dashen920.9Ethiopia14,905  24 
50.Montanha do Pico901.8Portugal7713Pico17860 
51.Mont de la Dives875.3French Southern Lands2890Île Amsterdam230 
52.Mont Temetiu874.6French Polynesia4186Hiva Oa1230 
53.Volcán Wolf819.7Ecuador5600Isabela1,8192 
54.Mount Washington819.6United States6288  39482010-09-05
56.K2817.5China/Pakistan28,261  14 
57.Mount Meharry813.1Australia4098  4 
58.Gora Kamen808.1Russia5581  0 
59.Diana's Peak803.6Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da Cunha2700St. Helena470 
60.Pico Cristóbal Colón799.8Colombia18,799  2 
61.Sapitwa Peak790.1Malawi9849  19 
62.Mount Minto773.5Antarctica13,668  0 
63.Dome Argus768.4Antarctica13,428  0 
64.Gora Pobeda766.9Russia9852  0 
65.Pik BAM762.9Russia10,079  0 
66.Bluff Knoll761.6Australia3593  13 
67.Perahu736.5French Polynesia2077Rapa150 
68.Mount Rainier731.2United States14,411  2014 
69.Damavand723.7Iran18,406  62 
70.Tahat716.6Algeria9541  3 
71.Gora Yamantau715.0Russia5374  0 
72.Pico Trinidade712.8Brazil2264Trindade40 
73.Town Hill705.9Bermuda249Bermuda1515 
74.Cerro San Valentín702.2Chile13,314  0 
75.Mount Hope691.9Antarctica10,627  0 
76.Morne Seychellois688.4Seychelles2969Mahé596 
77.Mont Marion-Dufresne687.4French Southern Lands3576Ile de l'Est470 
78.Wake High Point673.4U.S. Minor Pacific Islands20Wake Island30 
79.Mount Elbert670.6United States14,433  1384 
80.Novaya Zemlya High Point669.5Russia5075North Novaya Zemlya18,1770 
81.Mont Duff663.3French Polynesia1611Mangaréva70 
83.Mount Victoria644.4Fiji Islands4344Viti Levu4,0666 
84.Minami Tori Shima High Point632.5Japan30Minami Tori Shima0 
85.Paektu-san630.4North Korea/China9003  4 
86.Hombori Tondo626.3Mali3789  2 

Front Runners List: Click here to see list completion progress by climbers that log their climbs using

Multiple Ascents Grid: Click here for a grid showing all of François Desaulniers's ascents of peaks on this list (including up to 10 rounds of repeats).

Compare Climbers: Click here to compare ascents of up to 5 climbers working on this list.

List Description

Isolation for any given peak is defined as the distance (in miles or kilometers) from that peak to the nearest higher land. There are no peaks higher than the given summit within the circle with a radius of its isolation distance.

This list is the first attempt to create a comprehensive and accurate list of all the peaks in the world with an isolation distance of 1000 km (621 miles) or more, based on distance to nearest higher ground. Many isolation lists, including earlier versions of this one, used distance to nearest higher summit in a database instead of the more meaningful distance to the Isolation Limit Point (ILP or nearest higher ground). However, all peaks on this list have had their ILPs manually created and checked, and the list is believed to be complete.

There could still be errors or omissions on this list. The primary issue complicating the research for isolation peaks is coral atolls. There are huge archipelagos of these extremely low flat islands, such as the Marshall Islands or the Tuamotu Islands, and if one of them is a meter higher than the rest it could have a huge isolation number. So confidence is not very high in stating that the Wake Island high point, (6 meters high) has an isolation of 1085 km based on distance to the Likiep atoll (10 meters).

Indeed, many small mid-oceanic islands show up on this list, and the worldwide peak map shows a very interesting pattern, as if the peak dots were placed completely randomly without regard to landmasses. About 30 peaks on mid-oceanic islands such as Fiji, Samoa, Tahiti, Easter Island, Diego Garcia, Bermuda, Saint Helena, and others make this list, over a third of the total. You can sort this list by the "Island" or "Area" columns to group together peaks on islands.

(Note that previous versions of this list did not assign a rank to peaks located on islands with areas under 1000 square kilometers, but that arbitrary distinction has been abolished. Now all peaks are treated equally, no matter if the area within their isolation radius is mostly land or water.)

For the globe-trotting peakbagger, this is a somewhat attractive list, similar to the World 100 Most Prominent Peaks list, with which it shares 28 peaks. The only 8000 meter peaks on the list are Everest and K2.

One interesting quirk of this list is the distribution by country. Here are the six largest countries by area and their count of 1000 km isolation peaks:

  • Russia: 8
  • Canada: 0
  • China: 3 (all on the border)
  • USA: 7
  • Brazil: 2
  • Australia: 4

It is very odd that the second largest country has zero peaks on this list, with the most isolated peaks in Canada being Mount Barbeau and Mount Caubvick, both with under 800 km. Large areas of land with a continuous slope or a "staircase" of higher and higher peaks will not produce many high-isolation peaks, and this appears to be the case for Canada.


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