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World Peaks with 1000 km of Isolation

RankPeakIsol-KmCountry Elev-M IslandArea-SqKmAscents
1.Mount EverestInfiniteChina/Nepal8849  68
2.Aconcagua16517.6Argentina6962  244
3.Denali7450.2United States6190  293
4.Kilimanjaro5509.6Tanzania5895  909
5.Carstensz Pyramid5235.0Indonesia4884New Guinea785,75344
6.Vinson Massif4910.7Antarctica4892  45
7.Mont Orohena4128.1French Polynesia2241Tahiti1,0361
8.Mauna Kea3946.9United States4205Hawaii (Big Island)10,434776
9.Gunnbjørn Fjeld3254.1Greenland3694Greenland2,130,80016
10.Mount Cook3139.1New Zealand3724South Island145,83629
11.Thabana Ntlenyana3003.8Lesotho3482  32
12.Maunga Terevaka2831.7Chile507Easter Island11716
13.Mont Blanc2812.0France/Italy4810  374
14.Piton des Neiges2766.6Reunion3071Réunion2,53533
15.Klyuchevskaya Sopka2746.9Russia4750  3
16.Pico de Orizaba2690.1Mexico5636  396
17.Queen Mary's Peak2661.7Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da Cunha2060Tristan da Cunha2020
18.Mount Whitney2649.5United States4419  3657
20.Elbrus2469.9Russia5642  254
21.Pico da Bandeira2344.1Brazil2891  6
22.Mount Cameroon2337.7Cameroon4040  30
23.Mauga Silisili2245.2Samoa1858Savai‘i1,7095
24.Nevado Huascarán2207.5Peru6768  25
25.Mount Paget2206.0South Georgia2934South Georgia3,7180
26.Anamudi2090.2India2695  2
27.Jebel Toubkal2078.2Morocco4167  261
29.Big Ben2026.1Heard and McDonald Islands2745Heard Island3720
30.Emi Koussi1998.8Chad3445  2
31.Mount Mitchell1913.5United States2037  1805
32.Gunung Kerinci1904.0Indonesia3805Sumatra443,06623
33.Joes Hill1902.8Kiribati13Kiritimati 0
34.Agrihan High Point1898.0Northern Marianas977Agrihan409
35.Mount Kosciuszko1894.3Australia2228  324
36.Olavtoppen1851.2Bouvet Island780Bouvet Island500
37.Gora Narodnaya1835.4Russia1895  0
39.Mascarin Peak1804.9South Africa1230Marion Island2950
40.Green Mountain1798.2Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da Cunha859Ascension Island883
41.Moro de Môco1727.4Angola2620  5
42.Diego Garcia High Point1676.7British Indian Ocean Territory7Diego Garcia442
43.Pico do Fogo1672.4Cape Verde2829Fogo47427
44.Gunung Rinjani1600.7Indonesia3726Lombok4,62550
45.Mount Kirkpatrick1585.2Antarctica4528  0
46.Loma Mansa1570.8Sierra Leone1945  2
47.Galdhøpiggen1568.3Norway2469  204
48.Mount Zeil1549.2Australia1531  3
49.Ras Dashen1482.1Ethiopia4543  30
50.Montanha do Pico1451.3Portugal2351Pico46185
51.Mont de la Dives1408.7French Southern Lands881Île Amsterdam600
52.Mont Temetiu1407.5French Polynesia1276Hiva Oa3180
53.Volcán Wolf1319.3Ecuador1707Isabela4,7114
54.Mount Washington1318.9United States1917  5443
56.K21315.6Pakistan/China8614  16
57.Mount Meharry1308.5Australia1249  6
58.Diana's Peak1293.2Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da Cunha823St. Helena1220
59.Pico Cristóbal Colón1287.1Colombia5730  2
60.Gora Kamen1286.4Russia1678  0
61.Sapitwa Peak1271.6Malawi3002  24
62.Mount Minto1244.8Antarctica4166  0
63.Dome Argus1236.6Antarctica4093  0
64.Gora Pobeda1234.2Russia3003  0
65.Pik BAM1227.8Russia3072  0
66.Bluff Knoll1225.7Australia1095  19
67.Perahu1185.2French Polynesia633Rapa400
68.Mount Rainier1176.7United States4392  2768
69.Damavand1165.0Iran5609  86
70.Tahat1153.2Algeria2908  3
71.Gora Yamantau1150.7Russia1638  1
72.Pico Trinidade1147.2Brazil690Trindade100
73.Town Hill1136.1Bermuda76Bermuda3917
74.Cerro San Valentín1130.2Chile4058  0
75.Mount Hope1113.5Antarctica3239  0
76.Morne Seychellois1107.8Seychelles905Mahé15410
77.Mont Marion-Dufresne1107.8French Southern Lands1050Ile de l'Est1220
78.Wake High Point1083.7U.S. Minor Pacific Islands6Wake Island80
79.Mount Elbert1079.1United States4399  2032
80.Novaya Zemlya High Point1077.4Russia1547North Novaya Zemlya47,0790
81.Mont Duff1067.5French Polynesia491Mangaréva180
83.Mount Victoria1037.0Fiji Islands1324Viti Levu10,5318
84.Minami Tori-shima High Point1017.9Japan9Minami Tori Shima10
85.Paektu-san1014.6China/North Korea2744  7
86.Hombori Tondo1008.0Mali1155  2

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List Description

Isolation for any given peak is defined as the distance (in miles or kilometers) from that peak to the nearest higher land. There are no peaks higher than the given summit within the circle with a radius of its isolation distance.

This list is the first attempt to create a comprehensive and accurate list of all the peaks in the world with an isolation distance of 1000 km (621 miles) or more, based on distance to nearest higher ground. Many isolation lists, including earlier versions of this one, used distance to nearest higher summit in a database instead of the more meaningful distance to the Isolation Limit Point (ILP or nearest higher ground). However, all peaks on this list have had their ILPs manually created and checked, and the list is believed to be complete.

There could still be errors or omissions on this list. The primary issue complicating the research for isolation peaks is coral atolls. There are huge archipelagos of these extremely low flat islands, such as the Marshall Islands or the Tuamotu Islands, and if one of them is a meter higher than the rest it could have a huge isolation number. So confidence is not very high in stating that the Wake Island high point, (6 meters high) has an isolation of 1085 km based on distance to the Likiep atoll (10 meters).

Indeed, many small mid-oceanic islands show up on this list, and the worldwide peak map shows a very interesting pattern, as if the peak dots were placed completely randomly without regard to landmasses. About 30 peaks on mid-oceanic islands such as Fiji, Samoa, Tahiti, Easter Island, Diego Garcia, Bermuda, Saint Helena, and others make this list, over a third of the total. You can sort this list by the "Island" or "Area" columns to group together peaks on islands.

(Note that previous versions of this list did not assign a rank to peaks located on islands with areas under 1000 square kilometers, but that arbitrary distinction has been abolished. Now all peaks are treated equally, no matter if the area within their isolation radius is mostly land or water.)

For the globe-trotting peakbagger, this is a somewhat attractive list, similar to the World 100 Most Prominent Peaks list, with which it shares 28 peaks. The only 8000 meter peaks on the list are Everest and K2.

One interesting quirk of this list is the distribution by country. Here are the six largest countries by area and their count of 1000 km isolation peaks:

  • Russia: 8
  • Canada: 0
  • China: 3 (all on the border)
  • USA: 7
  • Brazil: 2
  • Australia: 4

It is very odd that the second largest country has zero peaks on this list, with the most isolated peaks in Canada being Mount Barbeau and Mount Caubvick, both with under 800 km. Large areas of land with a continuous slope or a "staircase" of higher and higher peaks will not produce many high-isolation peaks, and this appears to be the case for Canada.


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