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Asia

Range TypeContinent
Highest PointMount Everest (8848 m/29,029 ft)
Area41,385,578 sq km / 15,978,988 sq mi
Area may include lowland areas
Extent3,570 km / 2,218 mi North-South
6,679 km / 4,150 mi East-West
Center Lat/Long33° 8' N; 66° 35' E
Map LinkMicrosoft Bing Map

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Sure, Asia is the largest continent, so it makes sense that it has more mountains than any other. But even given its size, Asia still has way more impressive ranges and peaks that you would expect, a veritable embarassment of mountain richness.

You start, of course, with the vast Central Asian complex of mountains, the only place on earth where peaks rise greater than 7000 m/23,000'. In fact, there are so many an accurate count is not yet possible, and no one really knows the true world height rank of Aconcagua, highest peak outside Asia. The famous Himalaya is just one of the many ranges in this huge chunk of lofty real estate, and the Karakoram, Pamir, Tien Shan, Hiudu Kush, Kunlun, and hosts of other ranges all cover an area of well over 2 million square miles, almost the size of the contiguous United States.

Even outside of the Central Asian complex, Asia presents a staggering variety of ranges. Along the Pacific Rim, high volcanoes dominate the landscape, from the icy slopes of Kamchatka's 4800m/15,000' Kluchevskaya to the numerous high, verdant cones of Indonesia. Iran and Turkey are thoroughly mountainous countries with scores of 4000m and 5000m peaks that are almost unknown. The Indian Subcontinent and the Arabian Peninsula are not known for their high peaks, but both have significant areas of relatively high mountains. Even the huge expanse of Siberia, with its wide, flat basins, has a lifetime's worth of decent mountain ranges hidden in its vastness.

I think it is difficult for most Europeans and North Americans to grasp just how big Asia is and how many mountains it contains. We grow very comfortable with the well-mapped confines of the Alps and the Rockies, totally unaware of the sheer scale and sheer number of virtually unknown and unexplored ranges that sprawl across Siberia, China, and Central Asia. To fully grasp the mountains of Asia requires us to increase our geographic concepts an entire order of magnitude. Even the veteran of a climb or trek in the Himalaya, well-impressed with the massive snowy peaks, may have no concerete idea of the fantasitic extent and varienty of summits the sprawl for a thousand miles behind Nepal.

The Peakbagger.com Mountain Range Classification Scheme allows only ten subranges per parent range, due to the way the range numbering system works. This limitation was rarely a problem as I divided up the world into its logical range components. North America needed all 10 subranges to work, but most other continents divided nicely into 9 or fewer Range2s. For Asia, though, I was forced to artificially divide it into 2 pseudo-continents, and even then I needed all 20 slots for sub ranges. Indeed, I think that the ideal and correct number of Range2s in Asia might be between 21 and 25. Every Range2 I created was usually the full equal of Range2s like the Rockies or Alps.

So, enjoy exploring Asia--in every sense of the word, the heart of the world's mountains.

Map of Asia
Click on neighboring ranges to navigate to them.

Note: Range borders shown on map are an approximation and are not authoritative.

Other Ranges: To go to pages for other ranges either click on the map above, or on range names in the hierarchy snapshot below, which show the parent, siblings, and children of the Asia.
The WorldLevel 0 (Parent)
         North AmericaLevel 1 (Sibling)
         South AmericaLevel 1 (Sibling)
         EuropeLevel 1 (Sibling)
         AsiaLevel 1
                 AnatoliaLevel 2 (Child)
                 Levant RangesLevel 2 (Child)
                 Zagros MountainsLevel 2 (Child)
                 Iranian PlateauLevel 2 (Child)
                 Arabian PeninsulaLevel 2 (Child)
                 Central Asia RangesLevel 2 (Child)
                 Tien ShanLevel 2 (Child)
                 Tibet and Central ChinaLevel 2 (Child)
                 HimalayaLevel 2 (Child)
                 Indian SubcontinentLevel 2 (Child)
                 Central SiberiaLevel 2 (Child)
                 Eastern SiberiaLevel 2 (Child)
                 Baikal Area RangesLevel 2 (Child)
                 Mongolia RangesLevel 2 (Child)
                 East ChinaLevel 2 (Child)
                 Korea-Amur AreaLevel 2 (Child)
                 Japanese ArchipelagoLevel 2 (Child)
                 Southeast AsiaLevel 2 (Child)
                 Malay ArchipelagoLevel 2 (Child)
                 PhilippinesLevel 2 (Child)
         AfricaLevel 1 (Sibling)
         Australia-OceaniaLevel 1 (Sibling)
         AntarcticaLevel 1 (Sibling)



Major Peaks of the Asia

Ten Highest Peaks
RankPeak NamemftRange2
1.Mount Everest884829,029Himalaya
2.K2861428,261Central Asia Ranges
3.Kangchenjunga858628,169Himalaya
4.Lhotse851627,940Himalaya
5.Yalung Kang850527,904Himalaya
6.Makalu848527,838Himalaya
7.Kangchenjunga South847627,808Himalaya
8.Kangchenjunga Central847327,799Himalaya
9.Cho Oyu818826,864Himalaya
10.Dhaulagiri816726,795Himalaya
Sub-peaks are excluded from this list. List may not be complete, since only summits in the PBC Database are included.
Child Range High Points
RankPeak NamemftRange2
1.Mount Everest884829,029Himalaya
2.K2861428,261Central Asia Ranges
3.Gongga Shan755624,790Tibet and Central China
4.Pik Pobeda743924,406Tien Shan
5.Damavand561018,406Iranian Plateau
6.Mount Ararat513716,854Anatolia
7.Klyuchevskaya Sopka475015,584Eastern Siberia
8.Zard Kuh454814,921Zagros Mountains
9.Gora Belukha450614,783Mongolia Ranges
10.Hung-Wang Shan High Point433014,206East China
11.Kinabalu409513,435Malay Archipelago
12.Saramati382612,552Southeast Asia
13.Fuji-san377612,388Japanese Archipelago
14.Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb366612,028Arabian Peninsula
15.Gora Munku-Sardyk349111,453Central Siberia
16.Qurnat as Sawda308810,131Levant Ranges
17.Pik BAM307210,079Baikal Area Ranges
18.Mount Apo29549692Philippines
19.Paektu-san27449003Korea-Amur Area
20.Anai Mudi26958842Indian Subcontinent



Photos of Peaks in the Asia

Mount Everest

Snow clouds formed by intense wind are common sights on the massive rocky pyramid of Mount Everest.
Annapurna III
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Awesome scenery in the Nepal Himalaya: Machhapuchare (Fishes Tail) and Annapurna III. Photo by Tom Sewell.
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Trisul

In the wilderness near the village of Kanol, the snowy summit of Trisul rises above the forests of the Kuoman Himalaya of India (1993-09-24).
Machhapuchhare
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Awesome scenery in the Nepal Himalaya: Machhapuchare (Fishes Tail) and Annapurna III. Photo by Tom Sewell.
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Ama Dablam
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View of Ama Dablam from the area of the Thyangboche Monastery. Taken on a trekking trip to Mt. Everest Basecamp (1972-04-20). Photo by Richard Carey.
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Island Peak
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Fixed line along summit ridge of Island Peak. Ama Dablam in the back left (2014-10-31). Photo by Andrew Knell.
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Damavand
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The classic volcanic shape of Damavand, Iran, from a nearby highway (2009-08-02). Photo by Ken Jones.
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Mount Ararat
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Mount Ararat rises above a desert landscape of eastern Turkey (2011-07-29). Photo by Ken Jones.
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Erciyes Dagi
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Erciyes Dagi is one the many high and rugged peaks of Turkey that are almost unknown to most western climbers (2011-07-22). Photo by Ken Jones.
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Little Ararat
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Little Ararat from slopes of Mount Ararat (1983-08-13). Photo by Frederick Johnson.
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