Caucasus Mountains

Range TypeMountain range with well-recognized name
Highest PointElbrus (5642 m/18,510 ft)
CountriesRussia (66%), Azerbaijan (15%), Georgia (12%), Armenia (7%)
(numbers are approximate percentage of range area)
Area477,488 sq km / 184,358 sq mi
Area may include lowland areas
Extent1,092 km / 678 mi North-South
1,124 km / 698 mi East-West
Center Lat/Long43° 46' N; 43° 29' E
Map LinkMicrosoft Bing Map

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Map of Caucasus Mountains
Click on red triangle icons for links to other ranges.

Note: Range borders shown on map are an approximation and are not authoritative.
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Other Ranges: To go to pages for other ranges either click on the map above, or on range names in the hierarchy snapshot below, which show the parent, siblings, and children of the Caucasus Mountains.
EuropeLevel 1 (Parent)
         Scandinavia-European ArcticLevel 2 (Sibling)
         Northwest EuropeLevel 2 (Sibling)
         Iberian PeninsulaLevel 2 (Sibling)
         AlpsLevel 2 (Sibling)
         Italian Peninsula and IslandsLevel 2 (Sibling)
         Eastern Europe RangesLevel 2 (Sibling)
         Balkan PeninsulaLevel 2 (Sibling)
         Ural MountainsLevel 2 (Sibling)
         Caucasus MountainsLevel 2
                 Western CaucasusLevel 3 (Child)
                 Central CaucasusLevel 3 (Child)
                 Eastern CaucasusLevel 3 (Child)
                 Lesser CaucasusLevel 3 (Child)

Major Peaks of the Caucasus Mountains

Ten Highest Peaks
RankPeak NamemftRange3
1.Elbrus564218,510Central Caucasus
2.Gora Dykh-Tau520517,077Central Caucasus
3.Shkhara519317,037Central Caucasus
4.Gora Koshtan-Tau515216,903Central Caucasus
5.Pik Pushkin510016,732Central Caucasus
6.Jangi-Tau508516,683Central Caucasus
7.Gora Kazbek503416,516Central Caucasus
8.Mishrigi501916,467Central Caucasus
9.Katyn-Tau497916,335Central Caucasus
10.Kukurtlu Dome497816,332Central Caucasus
Sub-peaks are excluded from this list. List may not be complete, since only summits in the PBC Database are included.
Child Range High Points
RankPeak NamemftRange3
1.Elbrus564218,510Central Caucasus
2.Gora Tebulosmta449314,741Eastern Caucasus
3.Aragats Lerr409013,419Lesser Caucasus
4.Dombai-Ulgen404613,274Western Caucasus

Photos of Peaks in the Caucasus Mountains


The volcanic cone of Elbrus is very atypical for the Caucasus.
Gora Kazbek
Click on photo for original larger-size version.
Kazbek from Kasbegi (1984-09-21). Photo by Frederick Johnson.
Click here for larger-size photo.
Click on photo for original larger-size version.
Dongusorun and Nakra-tau from Pik Cheget (1984-09-07). Photo by Frederick Johnson.
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