Canadian Shield

Range TypeMiscellaneous physical or political Feature
Highest PointMount Caubvick (1652 m/5420 ft)
CountriesCanada (101%), United States (1%)
(numbers are approximate percentage of range area)
States/ProvincesQuébec (29%), Ontario (18%), Nunavut (16%), Northwest Territories (16%), Manitoba (9%), Newfoundland (6%), Saskatchewan (5%), New York (1%), Alberta (1%)
(numbers are approximate percentage of range area)
Area4,841,376 sq km / 1,869,257 sq mi
Area may include lowland areas
Extent3,095 km / 1,923 mi North-South
4,880 km / 3,032 mi East-West
Center Lat/Long56° 41' N; 95° 28' W
Map LinkMicrosoft Bing Map

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The Canadian Shield is a vast region forming a huge horseshoe around Hudson Bay. Most of it is gently rolling terrain with low relief, featuring hundreds of thousands of interconnected lakes and streams interspersed with low, rocky hills. Most of this terrain is not very mountainous, the major exceptions being the Torngat Mountains of northern Labrador and the Adirondacks of New York State.

Note on Boundaries

Note that the Canadian Shield as defined by the Mountain Range Classification does not precisely follow the boundaries of the geologic zone of the same name. Geologically, many of the Canadian Arctic Islands are part of the Canadian Shield, but for the purposes of classifying mountain peaks, this site treats the islands (and Bothnia and Melville peninsulas) as a separate Range3 area.

Also note that the Adirondack Mountains of New York are included in the Canadian Shield. Although they are wedged into the Appalachian Mountains, the Adirondacks have very low saddles on the south and the east connecting to the Appalachians, and they exhibit the same geologic appearance as the Laurenitan peaks north of the Saint Lawrence.

Map of Canadian Shield
Click on red triangle icons for links to other ranges.

Note: Range borders shown on map are an approximation and are not authoritative.
Click Here for a Full Screen Map

Other Ranges: To go to pages for other ranges either click on the map above, or on range names in the hierarchy snapshot below, which show the parent, siblings, and children of the Canadian Shield.
North America PlainsLevel 2 (Parent)
         Canadian ShieldLevel 3
                 Canadian Arctic ShoresLevel 4 (Child)
                 North-Central Canadian ShieldLevel 4 (Child)
                 Northern OntarioLevel 4 (Child)
                 Northern QuebecLevel 4 (Child)
                 Torngat MountainsLevel 4 (Child)
                 Central and South LabradorLevel 4 (Child)
                 Laurentian MountainsLevel 4 (Child)
                 Adirondack MountainsLevel 4 (Child)
         Great PlainsLevel 3 (Sibling)
         Midwest-Great Lakes AreaLevel 3 (Sibling)
         Ozark HighlandsLevel 3 (Sibling)

Major Peaks of the Canadian Shield

Ten Highest Peaks
RankPeak NamemftRange4
1.Mount Caubvick16525420Torngat Mountains
2.Mount Marcy16295344Adirondack Mountains
3.Torngarsoak Mountain15955232Torngat Mountains
4.Cap Mountain1570+5150+Canadian Arctic Shores
5.Cirque Mountain15685144Torngat Mountains
6.Algonquin Peak15595115Adirondack Mountains
7.Peak 5100 Map 24I161554+5100+Torngat Mountains
8.Peak 507415475074Torngat Mountains
9.Mount Erhart15395049Torngat Mountains
10.Jens Haven15315023Torngat Mountains
Sub-peaks are excluded from this list. List may not be complete, since only summits in the PBC Database are included.
Child Range High Points
RankPeak NamemftRange4
1.Mount Caubvick16525420Torngat Mountains
2.Mount Marcy16295344Adirondack Mountains
3.Cap Mountain1570+5150+Canadian Arctic Shores
4.Brave Mountain1219+4000+Central and South Labrador
5.Mont Raoul-Blanchard11753855Laurentian Mountains
6.Mont Yapeitso1128+3700+Northern Quebec
7.Ishpatina Ridge6932274Northern Ontario
8.Hill 6356352083North-Central Canadian Shield

Photos of Peaks in the Canadian Shield

Mount Caubvick

The summit pyramid of Mount Caubvick/D'Iberville, with the Koroc Ridge to the left and the Minaret Ridge to the right (2004-08-08).
Mont D'Iberville

At lower right, in the foreground, is the cairn for Mont D'Iberville; in the upper left is the Mount Caubvick cairn, about 30 feet away (2004-08-08).
Mount Marcy

Marcy is framed by trees in this view from Lake Tear of the Clouds, the highest lake source of the Hudson.
Algonquin Peak

The high dome of Algonquin from Boundary Peak.
Mount Caubvick-North Peak

North Caubvick (left) and Mount Caubvick (right) rise in the distance, from Peak 3992 several miles east (2004-08).
Minaret Ridge

The blocky talus of the south central ridge of Mount Caubvick leads to the Minaret Ridge false summit (2004-08).
Mount Erhart

The twin summits of Mount Erhart (Margaret Toth), as seen from high on Mount Caubvick to the south (2004-08).
Mount Haystack

Mount Haystack from Mount Marcy (1984-06-25).
Whiteface Mountain

A helicopter flies over the rime-ice encrusted summit building and walkway in this mid-February photo (1992-02-24).
Iroquois Peak
Click on photo for original larger-size version.
Iroquois summit (far) and Boundary Peak from Algonquin (2014-08-10). Photo by Timothy Hutchings.
Click here for larger-size photo.

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