Great Basin Ranges
|Range Type||Miscellaneous physical or political Feature|
|Highest Point||White Mountain Peak (14,246 ft/4342 m)|
|Countries||United States |
|States/Provinces||Nevada (50%), California (18%), Utah (13%), Oregon (12%), Idaho (6%)|
(numbers are approximate percentage of range area)
|Area||219,696 sq mi / 569,013 sq km|
Area may include lowland areas
|Extent||740 mi / 1,191 km North-South|
550 mi / 885 km East-West
|Center Lat/Long||38° 45' N; 116° 54' W|
|Map Link||Microsoft Bing Map|
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The Great Basin is the vast dry region in the middle of the American west that does not drain to the ocean. Hydrographically, it has a precise definition in the same way as the drainage basins of rivers. But for the purposes of classifying mountain ranges, it can be thought of as the huge expanse bounded by the Sierra Nevada and southern Cascades to the west, the Snake River plains to the north, the Wasatch Range of the Rockies and the Colorado Plateau to the south, and Mojave Desert and the Colorado River to the south.
This area includes 95% of Nevada, the entire western half of Utah, large chunks of Idaho and Oregon, plus pieces of California and Arizona. Nevada remains the heart of the Great Basin, though--no other large state is so dominated by one physiographic province and landform type.
The Great Basin is basin-and-range country par excellence, with literally hundreds and hundreds of relatively small parallel mountain ranges rising out of flat, parched sagebrush plains. Most ranges run north-south, and most are short fault block ranges.
Curiously, there is one Great Basin range rising above 14,000 feet, the White Mountains of California (14,246' at White Mountain Peak); one more rising above 13,000 feet, the
Snake Range of Nevada (13,063' at Wheeler Peak); and one more rising above 12,000 feet, the
Deep Creek Mountains of Utah (12,101' at Ibapah Peak). After those three, there are over 12 major ranges with summits in the 11,000 to 12,000 zone, including the Toquima Range, the Toyiabe Range, the Spring Mountains, the Schell Creek Range, and the Ruby Range. This site has a peak list showing the highest major ranges of the Great Basin that shows most of the important ranges, ordered by elevation.
|Map of Great Basin Ranges|
Click on red triangle icons for links to other ranges.
Note: Range borders shown on map are an approximation and are not authoritative.
Click Here for a Full Screen Map
|Other Ranges: To go to pages for other ranges either click on the map above, or on range names in the hierarchy snapshot below, which show the parent, siblings, and children of the Great Basin Ranges.|
Major Peaks of the Great Basin Ranges
|Ten Highest Peaks|
|1.||White Mountain Peak||14,246||4342||West Great Basin Ranges|
|2.||White Mountains Peak 13908||13,908||4239||West Great Basin Ranges|
|3.||White Mountains Peak 13615||13,615||4150||West Great Basin Ranges|
|4.||Mount Dubois||13,559||4133||West Great Basin Ranges|
|5.||The Jumpoff||13,480+||4109+||West Great Basin Ranges|
|6.||Montgomery Peak||13,441||4097||West Great Basin Ranges|
|7.||Boundary Peak||13,140||4005||West Great Basin Ranges|
|8.||Wheeler Peak||13,063||3982||East Central Great Basin Ranges|
|9.||Mount Barcroft||13,040||3975||West Great Basin Ranges|
|10.||Jeff Davis Peak||12,771||3893||East Central Great Basin Ranges|
|Sub-peaks are excluded from this list. List may not be complete, since only summits in the PBC Database are included.|
Photos of Peaks in the Great Basin Ranges
|White Mountain Peak: Bicycles can be used to approach White Mountain Peak, a major California fourteener.|
|Montgomery Peak: From Boundary Peak in Nevada, craggy Mount Montgomery rises higher, just across the California border to the south.|
|Boundary Peak: Boundary Peak in the White Mountains lives up to the name of its range as late as June in some years, although the snow is rarely very deep in the driest high mountains in the United States.|
|Bunker Hill: Bunker Hill is the distant ridge rising above the area of the Kingston Guard Station.|
|Mount Grant: A good road leads the summit pinnacle of Mount Grant, Nevada, accessible only when the Army opens the base to climbers.|
|Pilot Peak: Pilot Peak, Nevada is on skyline at right, from the ascent route.|
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