Cascade Range

Range TypeMountain range with well-recognized name
Highest PointMount Rainier (14,411 ft/4392 m)
CountriesUnited States (92%), Canada (8%)
(numbers are approximate percentage of range area)
States/ProvincesWashington (45%), Oregon (35%), California (12%), British Columbia (8%)
(numbers are approximate percentage of range area)
Area58,497 sq mi / 151,508 sq km
Area may include lowland areas
Extent725 mi / 1,167 km North-South
194 mi / 312 km East-West
Center Lat/Long45° 10' N; 121° 23' W
Map LinkMicrosoft Bing Map

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Selected Guidebook(s) for this Range:
       Climbing Washingtons Mountains (Smoot)
       Summit Routes: Washington's 100 Highest Peaks (Stephenson, Bongiovanni)
       Cascade Alpine Guide, Vol. 1 (Beckey)
       Cascade Alpine Guide, Vol. 2 (Beckey)
       Cascade Alpine Guide, Vol. 3 (Beckey)
       Climbing the Cascade Volcanoes (Smoot)
     Caution: These books feature many of the peaks in this range, but may not have information on all of them.

The Cascade Range is best known for its tall volcanoes and deep evergreen forests. While the North Cascades contain an extremeley rugged cluster of jagged peaks, it is the long line of snowy volcanic cones running from Mount Baker south to Lassen Peak that dominate the range for its entire length.

The borders of the Cascade range are in some dispute to the north and the south. To the north, the term is sometimes applied to the ranges of British Columbia north and west of the Fraser River, particularly the area around the Mount Garibaldi volcano. However, the general opinion seems to be that the range ends at the Fraser. Similarly, to the south, Lassen Peak is sometimes considered the northermost summit of the Sierra Nevada instead of the southernmost of the Cascades. But, as an isolated volcano with no master trench separating it from other Cascade peaks, it seems to belong to the Cascades more.

The western border is the great I-5/Willamette/Puget Sound trench, and to the east the range ends in desert scrublands along the general line of U.S. Highway 97.

Perhaps no other single, major, named mountain range in the world is so completely split straight through by a major river as the Cascade Range is by the Columbia River. Indeed this is the only hydrographic break in the entire "Pacific Crest" from Cabo San Lucas in Baja to the Fraser River in Canada.

The mighty Columbia's impressive gorge lies between Mount Adams (12,276') and Mount Hood (11,239') and is the only chance airmasses from the Pacific or the interior have to equalize, making the Collumbia River Gorge one of the most consistently windy places on earth. And the many waterfalls falling from steep walls of the gorge are what gave the range its name.

Map of Cascade Range
Click on red triangle icons for links to other ranges.

Note: Range borders shown on map are an approximation and are not authoritative.
Click Here for a Full Screen Map

Other Ranges: To go to pages for other ranges either click on the map above, or on range names in the hierarchy snapshot below, which show the parent, siblings, and children of the Cascade Range.
Pacific RangesLevel 2 (Parent)
         Northwest Coast IslandsLevel 3 (Sibling)
         Coast MountainsLevel 3 (Sibling)
         Northwest U.S. Coast RangesLevel 3 (Sibling)
         Central and Southern California RangesLevel 3 (Sibling)
         Baja CaliforniaLevel 3 (Sibling)
         Cascade RangeLevel 3
                 North CascadesLevel 4 (Child)
                 South Washington CascadesLevel 4 (Child)
                 Oregon CascadesLevel 4 (Child)
                 California CascadesLevel 4 (Child)
         Sierra NevadaLevel 3 (Sibling)

Major Peaks of the Cascade Range

Ten Highest Peaks
RankPeak NameftmRange4
1.Mount Rainier14,4114392South Washington Cascades
2.Mount Shasta14,1624317California Cascades
3.Curtis Ridge13,720+4182+South Washington Cascades
4.Mount Adams12,2763742South Washington Cascades
5.Mount Hood11,2393426Oregon Cascades
6.Little Tahoma11,1383395South Washington Cascades
7.The Beehive11,000+3353+South Washington Cascades
8.Mount Baker10,7813286North Cascades
9.Glacier Peak10,520+3206+North Cascades
10.Mount Jefferson10,4973199Oregon Cascades
Sub-peaks are excluded from this list. List may not be complete, since only summits in the PBC Database are included.
Child Range High Points
RankPeak NameftmRange4
1.Mount Rainier14,4114392South Washington Cascades
2.Mount Shasta14,1624317California Cascades
3.Mount Hood11,2393426Oregon Cascades
4.Mount Baker10,7813286North Cascades

Photos of Peaks in the Cascade Range

Mount Rainier

The massive, icy form of Mount Rainier in the classic view from the Paradise Inn area on the south side of the mountain (1994-07-19).
Mount Shasta
Click on photo for original larger-size version.
A classic view of the east side of Mount Shasta in September. Photo by Ken Jones.
Click here for larger-size photo.
Click on photo for original larger-size version.
Snowboarding down cascade gulch (2015-04-18). Photo by Shawn Burrell.
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Mount Adams
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Mount Adams dominates its surroundings in this view from Grayback Mtn, 25 miles southeast (2014-04-07). Photo by Richard Hensley.
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Mount Hood

The conical form of Mount Hood towers above the Timberline Lodge area (1989-06-21).
Little Tahoma
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Little Tahoma Peak, from Emmons Glacier, 2.6 km NW of Little Tahoma Peak (2014-07-09). Photo by Serguei Okountsev.
Click here for larger-size photo.
Mount Baker

Mount Baker at 11 P.M. on a clear summer night from the Railroad Grade moraine (1995-07-15). Photo by Glenn Slayden.
Glacier Peak

Glenn Slayden toils up towards the summit pinnacles, anticipating a great ski run down from the summit (2003-06-06).
Mount Jefferson

The stunning and precipitous summit pinnacle of Mount Jefferson in Oregon (2006-07-30).
Lassen Peak

The volcanic moonscape of the summit crater (1992-08-21).

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