North America Arctic Islands
|Highest Point||Gunnbjørn Fjeld (3694 m/12,118 ft)|
|Countries||Greenland (58%), Canada (42%)|
(numbers are approximate percentage of range area)
|Area||3,583,720 sq km / 1,383,676 sq mi|
Area may include lowland areas
|Extent||2,651 km / 1,647 mi North-South|
4,002 km / 2,487 mi East-West
|Center Lat/Long||71° 48' N; 42° 11' W|
|Map Link||Microsoft Bing Map|
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The largest archipelago in the world in land area does not have a name. Composed of Greenland and the adjacent Canadian Arctic islands, this vast area is a largely barren expanse of tundra, icecap, and peaks surrounded by an endless maze of often-frozen waterways. Not one tree grows in the 3.4 million square kilometers of land that supports a mere 100,000 people. In contrast, the Malay-Indonesian archipelago from New Guinea to Suamtra (second largest in the world) overflows with over 200 million people in its 2.9 million square kilometers.
The bounaries of the North American Arctic Islands Range2 are clear--it includes Greenland and all islands north of the Canadian mainland and Hudson Bay. Also included are the Boothia and Melville peninsulas, surrounded by islands and connected to the mainland by narrow ithmuses.
There are plenty of substantial mountains on these islands. Greenland is a small version of Antarctica, a giant, high icecap with rugged fiords and high peaks on its edges. The western Canadian Arctic Islands (for example, Banks, Victoria, and Melville) are very low and flat, but the eastern edge of this group rises to high, impressive cliffs and summits that border Baffin Bay on Baffin, Bylot, Devon, and Ellesmere Islands.
|Map of North America Arctic Islands|
Click on red triangle icons for links to other ranges.
Note: Range borders shown on map are an approximation and are not authoritative.
Click Here for a Full Screen Map
|Other Ranges: To go to pages for other ranges either click on the map above, or on range names in the hierarchy snapshot below, which show the parent, siblings, and children of the North America Arctic Islands.|
Major Peaks of the North America Arctic Islands
|Ten Highest Peaks|
|4.||Qaqqaq Paul Emile Victor||3609||11,841||Greenland|
|10.||Ejnar Mikkelsen Fjeld||3325||10,909||Greenland|
|Sub-peaks are excluded from this list. List may not be complete, since only summits in the PBC Database are included.|
Photos of Peaks in the North America Arctic Islands
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