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The World

Range TypeCelestial body
Highest PointMount Everest (8848 m/29,029 ft)
Area150,000,000 sq km / 57,915,058 sq mi
Area may include lowland areas
Extent20,004 km / 12,430 mi North-South
40,008 km / 24,860 mi East-West
Center Lat/Long0° 0' S; 0° 0' W
Map LinkMicrosoft Bing Map

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Mountains of the World

There are a staggering variety of mountains on the planet Earth, and any quick summary is likely to be almost useless. However, one interesting way to look at world's ranges is that most of them form a semi-continuous chain similar to the seam on a baseball, winding around across continents and oceans.

Starting at the Atlas Mountains of North Africa, this large mountainous area encompasses the mountains of Spain, the Pyrenees, the Alps, the Carpathians, and then the Balkan Ranges before crossing into Asia as the mountains of Turkey, the Caucasus, the Zagros, and the Elburz. Moving out of Iran, the master chain becomes the great central Asian complex that includes the Karakoram, Hindu Kush, and Himalaya. Mountainous terrain then continues northeastwards across China and Siberia to the Bering Strait, where the Aleutian and Alaska Ranges then merge into the great cordilleras of western North America, such as the Rockies, Coast Mountains, Cascade Range, and Sierra Nevada. The spine of high mountains running south through Mexico and Central America is well-known, as are the great uninterrupted wall of the Andes. The mountains then cross to Antarctica as the ranges of the Antarctic Peninsula and the Transantarctic Mountains, ending at the north coast of Victoria Land.

From this huge but indistinct master chain there are two huge offshoots to the south: one starting in the eastern Mediterranean and following the great Rift Valley and Ethiopian Highlands to the Drakensberg of South Africa; the other originiaing at the east end of the Himalaya and winding down through Southeast Asia, Indonesia, and the Great Dividing Range of Australia.

This extremely over-simplified scheme of great range systems is kind of silly, but it does includes major mountain systems on all continents and emphasizes the global continutity of the mountains and the tectonic plate boundaries that often form them.

Mountain Heights on Earth

There are only 14 peaks over 8000 meters high, all in the Himalaya or Karakoram Ranges of Asia. In addition, all 7000 meter peaks in the world are located in those ranges and others in the great Central Asian complex--the Pamir, Tien Shan, Hindu Kush, Kunlun, and other ranges. Outside of this area, 6000 meter peaks of the world are found only in the Andes (including Aconcagua at 6960 meters) and at Denali in Alaska. Lowering the bar to 5000 meters, we find peaks in the Caucasus area, Elburz range of Iran, St. Elias Range, Central Mexico, East Africa, and New Guinea, plus countless lower peaks in the higher ranges.


Map of The World
Click on neighboring ranges to navigate to them.
North America North America South America Europe Asia Asia Asia Africa Australia-Oceania Australia-Oceania Antarctica
Note: Range borders shown on map are an approximation and are not authoritative.

Other Ranges: To go to pages for other ranges either click on the map above, or on range names in the hierarchy snapshot below, which show the parent, siblings, and children of the The World.
The Solar SystemLevel -1 (Parent)
The WorldLevel 0
         North AmericaLevel 1 (Child)
         South AmericaLevel 1 (Child)
         EuropeLevel 1 (Child)
         AsiaLevel 1 (Child)
         AfricaLevel 1 (Child)
         Australia-OceaniaLevel 1 (Child)
         AntarcticaLevel 1 (Child)



Major Peaks of the The World

Ten Highest Peaks
RankPeak NamemftRange2
1.Mount Everest884829,029Himalaya
2.K2861428,261Central Asia Ranges
3.Kangchenjunga858628,169Himalaya
4.Lhotse851627,940Himalaya
5.Yalung Kang850527,904Himalaya
6.Makalu848527,838Himalaya
7.Kangchenjunga South847627,808Himalaya
8.Kangchenjunga Central847327,799Himalaya
9.Cho Oyu818826,864Himalaya
10.Dhaulagiri816726,795Himalaya
Sub-peaks are excluded from this list. List may not be complete, since only summits in the PBC Database are included.
Child Range High Points
RankPeak NamemftContinent
1.Mount Everest884829,029Asia
2.Aconcagua696222,841South America
3.Mount McKinley619420,320North America
4.Kilimanjaro589519,341Africa
5.Elbrus564218,510Europe
6.Vinson Massif489216,050Antarctica
7.Carstensz Pyramid488416,024Australia-Oceania



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