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Mount Jefferson, New Hampshire


Prominence: 753 ft, 229 m

Elevation: 5712 feet, 1741 meters


Approx. Isolation: 1.68 mi, 2.71 km
Elevation Info:NAVD88 Elevation: 5712 ft / 1741 m
SubpeaksKnights Castle (4587 ft/1398 m)
Latitude/Longitude (WGS84)44° 18' 15'' N; 71° 19' 0'' W
44.304185, -71.31675 (Dec Deg)
315207E 4908269N Zone 19 (UTM)
CountryUnited States
State/ProvinceNew Hampshire
County/Second Level RegionCoös
City/TownThompson and Meserves Purchase
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Lists that contain Mount Jefferson:
     New Hampshire 3500-foot Peaks (Rank #3)
     New England 4000-foot Peaks (Rank #3)
     New England 3700-foot Peaks (Rank #3)
     Northeast USA 4000-foot Peaks (Rank #3)
     New Hampshire 4000-foot Peaks (Rank #3)
     Northeast "115" 4000-footers (Rank #3)
     AMC New England Hundred Highest (Rank #3)
     AMC New Hampshire 4000-footers (Rank #3)
     AMC New England 4000-footers (Rank #3)
     YMCA Alpine Club List (NH) (Rank #3)
     Trailwright New Hampshire 4000 footers (Rank #3)
     Most Ascended Peaks (Rank #15)
     Peaks with Most Individual Summiters (Rank #19)
     Eastern USA 5000-foot Peaks (Rank #66)
     Top 10 Elevation Grid for U.S. States (Rank #151)

Selected Guidebook(s) for this Peak:
       AMC White Mountain Guide, 28th Edition (Smith, Daniell)

Selected Trip Reports from this site:
     1951-09-09 by Frederick Johnson
     2007-06-07 by Mark Ingersoll
     2009-06-13 by Michael Petcher
     2009-09-05 by Matthew Nelson
     2010-07-05 by Spencer Corcoran
     2010-07-24 by Matthew Nelson
     2010-08-21 by Tomoko Nakajima
     2010-08-22 by Gabriel Couët
     2011-06-18 by Matthew Nelson (GPS Track)
     2011-07-02 by Margaret Priest
     2011-08-21 by Tomoko Nakajima
     2012-03-10 by Matt DiFrancesco (GPS Track)
     2012-06-16 by Dan Quinlan
     2012-08-25 by Mike Guethle
     2012-08-29 by Ryan Aschbrenner
     2012-09-15 by Sébastien Clément (GPS Track)
     2012-11-17 by Matt DiFrancesco (GPS Track)
     2013-04-27 by Matt DiFrancesco (GPS Track)
     2013-05-31 by Christopher Anderson
     2013-07-21 by Chris Stempek (GPS Track)
     2013-07-27 by John N
     2013-08-06 by Mike Berger (GPS Track)
     2013-08-11 by Kaerstin Quinlan (GPS Track)
     2013-11-09 by Richard Bedard (Unsuccessful)
     2014-06-21 by Jeff Hicks
     2014-07-17 by Wesley Barry (GPS Track)

View ascents of peak by registered Peakbagger.com members.

Nearby Peak Searches:
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     Prominence Ladder from Mount Jefferson


Mount Jefferson, named after the third U.S. President, is the third highest peak in New Hampshire, in New England, and in the Northeastern United States. It is located on the main Presidential Range crest between the first and second highest peaks--north of Mount Washington (and its northern outlier Mount Clay) and south of the bulk of Mount Adams. Located at the center of the scenic Northern Peaks of the Presidential Range, it, like its neighbors, boasts a vast area of rare eastern above-timberline terrain, and weather that can rapidly become near-Antarctic.

Given its position, Mount Jefferson could easily be overshadowed by its neighbors, but the peak has more than enough interesting features to give it a personality of its own. Two pinnacled ridges, the Ridge of the Caps and Castle Ridge, drop off to the west, and the double "knees" of Jefferson are two short ridges that fall very precipitously down to the huge gorge of the Great Gulf. Jefferson Ravine and Castle Ravine are two large, classic glacial cirques on the mountains flanks, and just south of the summit the broad, grassy expanse of Monticello Lawn breaks up the monotony of talus blocks that cover most of the upper mountain. The summit area has three little peaklets in a triangle, and is possibly the best viewpoint in the Presidentials, with Adams, Washington, and the Great Gulf all visible close-up.

Jefferson is also the only 5000-footer in the Northeastern U.S. (outside of Washington with its road and train) that can be climbed with less than 3000 feet of vertical gain, using the Caps Ridge Trail from Jefferson Notch. This trail, though, is steep and very rugged as it traverses the "Caps", little knobs of rock, and it is best avoided by novice hikers. Even steeper is the notorious Six Husbands Trail up from the Great Gulf, which frequently resorts to ladders to climb the north knee ridge. The gentlest ways to gain Jefferson's summit is to use the Gulfside Trail (and its summit loop), a segment of the Appalachian Trail that threads all of the Northern Peaks. In my opinion, the Gulfside is the single nicest walk in the entire eastern U.S., but is very difficult to do as a day hike.


Mount Jefferson rises above Monticello Lawn, at the center of the Northern Peaks of the Presidential Range. Glenn Slayden, Greg Slayden, and Gabe Czako (1987-08-15).
Web Map LinksAcme Mapper   MyTopo   Gmap4   MS-Research
TopoQuest   Bing Maps   MSN/Encarta   Google Maps
ProminenceKey Col Page  (Detailed prominence information)
  Clean Prominence: 753 ft/229 m
  Optimistic Prominence: 753 ft/229 m
  Line Parent: Mount Washington
  Key Col: Sphinx Col    4959 ft/1512 m
Isolation1.68 mi/2.71 km
Nearest Higher Neighbor in the PBC database:
    Mount Adams  (NE)
Isolation distance is based on NHN and is slightly overstated.
RangesContinent: North America
Range2: Appalachian Mountains
Range3: Northern U.S. Appalachians
Range4: White Mountains
Range5: Presidential Range
Range6: Northern Peaks
Ridges/DividesWhite Mountain Crest
Drainage BasinsMajor Triple Divide Point
Androscoggin
Gulf of Maine
Atlantic Ocean

Connecticut
Long Island Sound
Atlantic Ocean
Ammonoosuc
Connecticut
Long Island Sound
Atlantic Ocean
OwnershipLand: White Mountain National Forest
Topo MapMount Washington O44071c3 1:25,000
Route #1 Maintained Hiking Trail: Caps Ridge Trail
Trailhead: Jefferson Notch (Dirt Road) 3011 ft/918 m
Vertical Gain: 2701 ft/823 m
Distance (one way): 2.55 mi/4.1 km
Google Maps Dynamic Map

 Mount Jefferson    Other Peaks
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Other Photos

Click on photo for original larger-size version.
Castle Ridge on Mt Jefferson. Taken from the first main crag above treeline (2014-04-12). Photo by Matthew Nelson.
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The Presidentials from the Carter Range (2008-10-11). Photo by Rian Laub.
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The Presidential range from the Pliny Range (2009-04-19). Photo by Rian Laub.
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