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Kilimanjaro, Tanzania


Prominence: 5885 m, 19308 ft

Elevation: 5895 meters, 19,341 feet


True Isolation: 5509.7 km, 3423.57 mi
Highest SummitKibo-Uhuru Peak
Peak TypeVolcano
Latitude/Longitude (WGS84)3° 4' 35'' S; 37° 21' 12'' E
-3.076475, 37.353205 (Dec Deg)
316990E 9659813N Zone 37 (UTM)
CountryTanzania (Highest Point)
State/ProvinceKilimanjaro (Highest Point)
Links

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Other Web Sites
     Kilimanjaro at SummitPost.org
     New GPS Survey for Elevation of Kilimanjaro

Lists that contain Kilimanjaro:
     World Peaks with 4000 meters of Prominence (Rank #4)
     World Country High Points (Rank #17)
     Aetherius Society Holy Mountains (Rank #1)
     The Seven Summits (Rank #4)
     Seven Summits - Continental Landmass High Points (Rank #4)
     The Volcanic Seven Summits (Rank #2)
     Africa 4000-meter Peaks (Rank #1)
     World Peaks with 1000 km of Isolation (Rank #4)
     World Drainage Basin High Points over 5000 m high (Rank #26)
     World Top 50 by Prominence (Rank #4)
     World Top 100 by Prominence (Rank #4)
     Africa Range3 High Points (Rank #1)
     Africa Country High Points (Rank #1)
     Peaks with Most Page Views on Site (Rank #25)
     Peaks with Most Individual Summiters-Outside USA (Rank #1)
     Most Ascended Peaks-Outside USA (Rank #1)
     1500-meter Prominence Peak with Ascents (Rank #18)

Selected Trip Reports from this site:
     1995-06-21 by Brian Friedrich
     2004-09-14 by Drew Gajan
     2006-01-21 by Derek Standen (GPS Track)
     2006-01-25 by Ben Lostracco
     2006-03-15 by Ian Curran
     2007-04-16 by Thomas Burley
     2008-01-05 by Norbert Schaefer
     2009-01-14 by Imdad Yusufaly
     2010-01-06 by Isaac Heckman
     2010-01-12 by Tom Kiffmeyer
     2010-01-29 by Tracy Englebrecht
     2010-07-18 by Andrej Gerber
     2010-10-08 by David Carey
     2010-10-15 by Alexandra Marcu
     2012-02-17 by Jim Wick
     2012-10-10 by Shelley Cheng
     2013-01-07 by Paul Barish
     2013-01-28 by Joe Kuehn
     2013-06-23 by Dave Ward
     2014-01-07 by Simon Stahl (GPS Track)
     2014-04-12 by Christopher D'Aiuto (GPS Track)

View ascents of peak by registered Peakbagger.com members.

Nearby Peak Searches:
     Radius Search - Nearest Peaks to Kilimanjaro
     Elevation Ladder from Kilimanjaro
     Prominence Ladder from Kilimanjaro


Description:

Kilimanjaro is, of course, the highest and most famous mountain in Africa. A massive dormant volcano, it rises isolated from east African savannas teeming with wildlife. No other mountain in the world rises so high so alone, with no range of other peaks for support.

Kilimanjaro has two principal summits: Kibo, the highest, is a high, rounded crater rim, with Uhuru Point on the rim the highest point in Africa. Mawenzi (16,893'/5149m) is a subsidiary cone to the east and the third highest peak in Africa, after Kibo and Mt. Kenya. The mountain's famous equatorial snows are found mostly on the highest slopes of Kibo, and there is very little glaciation due to the dryness of the climate.

In recent years the few glaciers on the summit have been in a massive retreat, and at current rates there will not be any permanent ice or snow on Kilimanjaro within our lifetimes. Global warming caused by human activity is the most frequently mentioned culprit for this sad loss.

Climbing Notes:

Kilimanjaro, like many other high and famous mountains, would be an easy hike if the atmosphere wasn't so thin up high. Altitude sickness is the main issue on the interesting three to five day hike to the Kibo summit, an extremely popular adventure for visiting tourists. It's an expensive hike, though--the Tanzanian governemnt uses the countiry's top tourist attraction as a cash cow. Once all the fees are paid and mandatory guides and porters are hired, the cost of a Kilimanjaro hike can run into hundreds of U.S. dollars.

There are several routes to the summit. The most popular is the Marangu route, which can get a little crowded. Other routes, off to the north, are best done by large parties--there are stories of small groups and lone hikers being attacked and killed on the more remote parts of the mountain. Climbers seeking a challenge gravitate to the icy Breach Wall, one of the premiere ice-climbing problems in the world (as long as the climate allows it to exist).

Click on photo for original larger-size version.
Kilimanjaro from the Mweka Trail (2010-02-07). Photo by Peter Stone.
Click here for larger-size photo.
Web Map LinksBing Maps   MSN/Encarta   Google Maps
ProminenceKey Col Page  (Detailed prominence information)
  Clean Prominence: 5885 m/19,308 ft
  Optimistic Prominence: 5885 m/19,308 ft
  Key Col: Suez Canal    10 m/33 ft
Isolation5509.7 km/3423.57 mi
Nearest Higher Neighbor in the PBC database:
    Kuh-e Shashgal  (NE)
Isolation Limit Point: 35° 44' 53'' N; 70° 28' 44'' E
    ILP Map Links:
Bing Maps   MSN/Encarta   Google Maps
RangesContinent: Africa (Highest Point)
Range2: East Africa Mountains (Highest Point)
Range3: Northeast Tanzania (Highest Point)
Drainage BasinsMajor Triple Divide Point
Pangani (HP)
Indian Ocean


Galana (HP)
Indian Ocean
Lake Amboseli (HP)
East Africa Minor Lake Basins (HP)
Internal Drainage-Africa
Worldwide Internal Drainage
OwnershipLand: Kilimanjaro National Park (Highest Point)
First AscentOctober 06, 1889
Yohani Kinyala Lauwo
Hans Meyer
Ludwig Purtscheller
Google Maps Dynamic Map

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