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Africa Peaks with 300 km of Isolation

RankPeakIsol-KmCountryRange (Level 3)NHN NameAscent Date
1.Kilimanjaro5509.6TanzaniaNortheast TanzaniaKuh-e Shashgal 
2.Thabana Ntlenyana3003.8LesothoDrakensbergLoolmalasin 
3.Piton des Neiges2766.6ReunionMascarene IslandsGiant's Castle 
4.Queen Mary's Peak2661.7Saint HelenaSouth Atlantic IslandsMount Carse 
5.Mount Cameroon2337.7CameroonCameroon MountainsMikeno 
6.Jebel Toubkal2078.2MoroccoHigh AtlasPic Luigi Amadeo 
7.Big Ben2026.1Heard and McDonald IslandsSouth Indian Ocean IslandsMount Menzies 
8.Emi Koussi1998.8ChadTibestiMount Cameroon 
9.Olavtoppen1851.2Bouvet IslandSouth Atlantic IslandsEdinburgh Peak 
10.Mascarin Peak1804.9South AfricaSouth Indian Ocean IslandsCockscomb 
11.Green Mountain1798.2Saint HelenaSouth Atlantic IslandsMont Richard-Molard 
12.Moro de Môco1727.4AngolaAngola PlateauKabobo 
13.Diego Garcia High Point1676.7British Indian Ocean TerritoryNorth Indian Ocean IslandsMount Limon 
14.Pico de Cano1672.4Cape VerdeNorth Atlantic IslandsPico Viejo 
15.Loma Mansa1570.8Sierra LeoneGuinea HighlandsPico de Cano 
16.Ras Dashen1482.1EthiopiaNorthern Ethiopian HighlandsTerere 
17.Montanha do Pico1451.3PortugalNorth Atlantic IslandsRoque de los Muchachos 
18.Mont de la Dives1408.7French Southern LandsSouth Indian Ocean IslandsMont Crozier 
19.Diana's Peak1291.8Saint HelenaSouth Atlantic IslandsGreen Mountain 
20.Sapitwa Peak1271.6MalawiMalawi HighlandsHanang 
21.Tahat1153.2AlgeriaCentral Sahara DesertPic Toussidé 
22.Pico Trinidade1147.2BrazilSouth Atlantic IslandsAlto do Rio Preto 
23.Morne Seychellois1107.8SeychellesNorth Indian Ocean IslandsMaromokotro 
24.Mont Marion-Dufresne1106.3French Southern LandsSouth Indian Ocean IslandsJan Smuts Peak 
25.Maromokotro1041.7MadagascarMadagascarLe Grand Bénare 
26.Hombori Tondo1008.0MaliNiger River AreaPic de Tibé 
27.Jabal Marrah969.2SudanLibyan DesertEmi Koussi 
28.Brandberg963.2NamibiaKalahariMoro de Môco 
29.Cocos Islands High Point959.9Cocos IslandsSouth Indian Ocean IslandsMurray Hill 
30.Pico de Teide893.1SpainNorth Atlantic IslandsTazaghart 
31.Pic Boby889.8MadagascarMadagascarLe Grand Bénare 
32.Mont Agou887.7TogoNiger River AreaGran Caldera de Luba 
33.Mount Stanley829.8Congo DRC/UgandaEast Rift Valley RangesMount Kenya 
34.Djebel Chélia779.1AlgeriaSaharan AtlasMonte Renoso 
35.Wilingili Island High Point733.9MaldivesNorth Indian Ocean IslandsDiego Garcia High Point 
36.Batu723.7EthiopiaSouthern Ethiopian HighlandsRas Dashen 
37.Kartala652.8ComorosMozambique ChannelMaromokotro 
38.Kdeyyat ej Joul648.7MauritaniaWestern Sahara DesertPiedra de Fuego 
39.Mont Bagzane640.8NigerCentral Sahara DesertTezouiag Sur 
40.Mont du Guera634.0ChadCentral Sahara DesertJabal Marrah 
41.Mount Limon599.2MauritiusMascarene IslandsPieter Both 
42.Jabal Uweinat590.9Libya/SudanLibyan DesertPic Bette 
43.Mtorwi533.2TanzaniaSouthern TanzaniaHanang 
44.Lord Hill490.0NamibiaKalahariKlein Gamsberg 
45.Mumpu-Velume481.0ZambiaZambia PlateauSunzu 
46.Grand Ross477.0French Southern LandsSouth Indian Ocean IslandsDavis Dome 
47.Socotra High Point468.3YemenNorth Indian Ocean IslandsBaxaya 
48.Pico Ruivo449.8PortugalNorth Atlantic IslandsRoque de los Muchachos 
49.Thamad Umm Ghayr442.7LibyaCentral Sahara DesertEhi Timi Ouli 
50.Forêt de Pout High Point440.0SenegalGuinea HighlandsGuinea-Bissau High Point 
51.Tromelin High Point438.6ReunionMascarene IslandsLe Pouce 
52.Albatross Island High Point438.6MauritiusMascarene IslandsPieter Both 
53.Jebel Kuror407.1SudanEastern DesertJabal Oda 
54.Shimbiris406.9SomaliaAhmar-SomaliJabal Sabir 
55.Edinburgh Peak406.5Saint HelenaSouth Atlantic IslandsQueen Mary's Peak 
56.Pico de São Tomé405.9Sao Tome and PrincipeBight of BeninGran Caldera de Luba 
57.Morro do Espinhaço404.2BrazilSouth Atlantic IslandsSerra das Queimadas-Pico 807 
58.Jebel Temading401.9SudanLibyan DesertGemi 
59.Inyangani389.4ZimbabweZimbabwe PlateauSouth Peak 
60.Dakhret-Musba387.6LibyaCentral Sahara DesertThamad Umm Ghayr 
61.Kimhandu380.3TanzaniaNortheast TanzaniaHanang 
62.Shere Hills374.2NigeriaNiger River AreaChappal Wadi 
63.Mont Toussoro366.4Central African RepublicMassif de BongosJabal Marrah 
64.Mont Bengoué362.6GabonWest-Central AfricaMonte Mitra 
65.Colline D’Emerez362.0MauritiusNorth Indian Ocean IslandsMorne Blanc 
66.Gakarosa357.7South AfricaSouth Africa PlateauMurch Point 
67.Ennedi High Point357.1ChadLibyan DesertJabal Gurgei 
68.Tsodilo Hills351.9BotswanaKalahariMount Hohewarte 
69.Agatti Island High Point351.0IndiaNorth Indian Ocean IslandsKudremukh 
70.Jebel Erba350.5SudanEastern DesertJabal Hamoyet 
71.Die Berg350.5South AfricaDrakensbergWodehouse Kop 
72.Seweweekspoort Peak348.8South AfricaCape RangesKompasberg 
73.Kinyeti346.6South SudanCentral East Africa PlateauMount Elgon 
74.Mont Richard-Molard346.5Guinea/Ivory CoastGuinea HighlandsLoma Mansa 
75.Colline Mali342.5GuineaGuinea HighlandsLoma Mansa 
76.Assumption Island High Dune340.7SeychellesMozambique ChannelNtingui 
77.Jebel Akhdar High Point337.6LibyaLibyan DesertAgios Dikaios 
78.Mount Elgon336.7UgandaCentral East Africa PlateauMount Kenya-Point Piggott 
79.Qarat ar Razzah328.0LibyaCentral Sahara DesertThamad Umm Ghayr 
80.Tuley322.6NigerCentral Sahara DesertMont Bagzane 
81.Idanre Hill320.4NigeriaNiger River AreaMont Agou 
82.Mount Kenya319.9KenyaEast Central KenyaKilimanjaro 
83.Tsiafajavona317.3MadagascarMadagascarPic Boby 
84.Moltkeblick316.1NamibiaKalahariBrandberg 
85.Jabal Hamoyet304.4Eritrea/SudanNorthern Ethiopian HighlandsSoira 
86.Djebel Aïssa303.0AlgeriaSaharan AtlasJebel Mesrouh 
87.Jebel Hamata300.4EgyptEastern DesertJebel Jar 

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List Description

Note that Africa, as defined here, includes a great many offshore islands in the Indian and Atlantic Ocean, many with high-isolation peaks.

Acknowledgments:

Thanks to Andrew Kirmse, who created and ran software for calculating isolation from digital elevation models, and to Jonathan de Ferranti, who helped with high-quality DEM data. Many of the isolation values for peaks on this list were determined by their process and then map checked.

 


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