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World Peaks with 1000 km of Isolation

RankPeakIsol-KmCountry Elev-M IslandArea-SqKm
1.Mount EverestInfiniteChina/Nepal8848  
3.Denali7450.5United States6190  
5.Carstensz Pyramid5262.8Indonesia4884New Guinea808,510
6.Vinson Massif4910.7Antarctica4892  
7.Mont Orohena4128.2French Polynesia2241Tahiti1,036
8.Mauna Kea3947.0United States4205Hawaii (Big Island)10,432
9.Gunnbjørn Fjeld3254.1Greenland3694Greenland2,130,800
10.Mount Cook3139.6New Zealand3754South Island150,460
11.Thabana Ntlenyana3005.0Lesotho3482  
12.Maunga Terevaka2832.5Chile507Easter Island117
13.Mont Blanc2812.4France/Italy4810  
14.Piton des Neiges2766.9Reunion3071Réunion2,507
15.Klyuchevskaya Sopka2748.2Russia4750  
16.Pico de Orizaba2690.3Mexico5636  
17.Queen Mary's Peak2664.8Saint Helena2060Tristan da Cunha202
18.Mount Whitney2650.8United States4418  
21.Pico da Bandeira2344.4Brazil2897  
22.Mount Cameroon2338.2Cameroon4040  
23.Big Ben2336.7Heard and McDonald Islands2745Heard Island372
24.Mount Paget2266.6South Georgia2915South Georgia4,066
25.Mauga Silisili2245.2Samoa1858Savai‘i1,709
26.Nevado Huascarán2207.8Peru6768  
27.Anai Mudi2115.3India2695  
28.Jebel Toubkal2078.4Morocco4167  
30.Emi Koussi2000.8Chad3445  
31.Mount Mitchell1913.5United States2037  
32.Gunung Kerinci1904.8Indonesia3805Sumatra473,605
33.Agrihan High Point1901.4Northern Mariana Islands965Agrihan40
34.Mount Kosciuszko1894.8Australia2228  
35.Olavtoppen1854.4Bouvet Island780Bouvet Island50
36.Jarvis High Point1851.7U.S. Minor Pacific Islands23Jarvis Island4
37.Green Mountain1843.8Saint Helena859Ascension Island88
38.Mascarin Peak1839.1South Africa1230Marion Island295
39.Gora Narodnaya1835.6Russia1895  
41.Moro de Môco1727.6Angola2620  
42.Diego Garcia High Point1680.2British Indian Ocean Territory7Diego Garcia44
43.Pico de Cano1673.6Cape Verde2829Fogo474
44.Gunung Rinjani1601.8Indonesia3726Lombok5,435
45.Mount Kirkpatrick1593.1Antarctica4528  
46.Loma Mansa1572.4Sierra Leone1945  
48.Mount Zeil1549.5Australia1531  
49.Baker High Point1490.3U.S. Minor Pacific Islands8Baker Island2
50.Ras Dashen1482.5Ethiopia4550  
51.Montanha do Pico1451.6Portugal2351Pico461
52.Mont de la Dives1409.2French Southern Lands881Île Amsterdam60
53.Mont Temetiu1408.1French Polynesia1276Hiva Oa318
54.Gora Kamen1360.9Russia1701  
55.Volcán Wolf1336.2Ecuador1707Isabela4,274
57.Mount Washington1319.0United States1917  
59.Mount Meharry1308.6Australia1249  
60.Pico Trinidade1299.9Brazil690Trindade10
61.Diana's Peak1291.8Saint Helena823St. Helena122
62.Pico Cristóbal Colón1287.1Colombia5730  
63.Sapitwa Peak1273.9Malawi3002  
64.Morne Seychellois1257.0Seychelles905Mahé154
65.Mount Minto1245.3Antarctica4166  
66.Dome Argus1237.5Antarctica4093  
67.Gora Pobeda1234.9Russia3003  
68.Pik BAM1228.1Russia3072  
69.Bluff Knoll1226.2Australia1095  
70.Perahu1191.1French Polynesia633Rapa40
71.Mount Rainier1176.8United States4392  
74.Gora Yamantau1150.8Russia1638  
75.Town Hill1136.3Bermuda76Bermuda39
76.Cerro San Valentín1132.1Chile4058  
77.Mount Victoria1109.8Fiji Islands1324Viti Levu10,429
78.Mont Marion-Dufresne1109.7French Southern Lands1090Ile de l'Est122
79.Wake High Point1084.9U.S. Minor Pacific Islands6Wake Island8
80.Mount Elbert1079.2United States4399  
81.Mont Duff1067.7French Polynesia491Mangaréva18
82.Novaya Zemlya High Point1065.9Russia1549North Novaya Zemlya48,900
83.Hombori Tondo1054.1Mali1155  
85.Minami Tori Shima High Point1021.2Japan9Minami Tori Shima1
86.Paektu-san1015.0North Korea/China2744  

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List Description

Isolation for any given peak is defined as the distance (in miles or kilometers) from that peak to the nearest higher land. There are no peaks higher than the given summit within the circle with a radius of its isolation distance.

This list is the first attempt to create a comprehensive and accurate list of all the peaks in the world with an isolation distance of 1000 km (621 miles) or more, based on distance to nearest higher ground. Many isolation lists, including earlier versions of this one, used distance to nearest higher summit in a database instead of the more meaningful distance to the Isolation Limit Point (ILP or nearest higher ground). However, all peaks on this list have had their ILPs manually created and checked, and the list is believed to be complete.

There could still be errors or omissions on this list. The primary issue complicating the research for isolation peaks is coral atolls. There are huge archipelagos of these extremely low flat islands, such as the Marshall Islands or the Tuamotu Islands, and if one of them is a meter higher than the rest it could have a huge isolation number. So confidence is not very high in stating that the Wake Island high point, (6 meters high) has an isolation of 1085 km based on distance to the Likiep atoll (10 meters).

Indeed, many small mid-oceanic islands show up on this list, and the worldwide peak map shows a very interesting pattern, as if the peak dots were placed completely randomly without regard to landmasses. About 30 peaks on mid-oceanic islands such as Fiji, Samoa, Tahiti, Easter Island, Diego Garcia, Bermuda, Saint Helena, and others make this list, over a third of the total. You can sort this list by the "Island" or "Area" columns to group together peaks on islands.

(Note that previous versions of this list did not assign a rank to peaks located on islands with areas under 1000 square kilometers, but that arbitrary distinction has been abolished. Now all peaks are treated equally, no matter if the area within their isolation radius is mostly land or water.)

For the globe-trotting peakbagger, this is a somewhat attractive list, similar to the World 100 Most Prominent Peaks list, with which it shares 28 peaks. The only 8000 meter peaks on the list are Everest and K2.

One interesting quirk of this list is the distribution by country. Here are the six largest countries by area and their count of 1000 km isolation peaks:

  • Russia: 8
  • Canada: 0
  • China: 3 (all on the border)
  • USA: 7
  • Brazil: 2
  • Australia: 4

It is very odd that the second largest country has zero peaks on this list, with the most isolated peaks in Canada being Mount Barbeau and Mount Caubvick, both with under 800 km. Large areas of land with a continuous slope or a "staircase" of higher and higher peaks will not produce many high-isolation peaks, and this appears to be the case for Canada.


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