The Seven Summits
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The "Seven Summits" is the name given to highest points of the seven continents of the world.
Five of the seven peaks on the main list above are unambiguous: Everest, Aconcagua, McKinley, Kilimanjaro, and Vinson are all, without question, continent high points. And, while consensus today is very clearly behind Elbrus and Jaya as the other two members of this exclusive club, there is some disagreement as to what constitutes the high points of Europe and the Australia/Oceania continent.
Elbrus, lying north of the main Caucasus crest, falls into Europe by a few miles, using the classic Europe/Asia dividing line. However, there are a number of valid objections to crowning Elbrus: The Caucasus are not really thought of as very "European" (not even "Eastern European"), instead being closer to the Middle East. The alternate candidate is Mont Blanc, clearly in Europe and boasting higher prominence and isolation values than Elbrus. Still, the consensus is that when it comes to the seven summits, Mont Blanc is at best an honorable mention.
Puncack Jaya (Carstenz Pyramid) on the island of New Guinea is clearly a dominant summit in the world hierarchy--it is the highest point between the high peaks of Central Asia and the Andes, and the highest peak on an island in the world. There are two main issue with calling it one of the seven summits: First, it is hard to call it a continental high point when it is not on a continental landmass, and second, politically it is in Indonesia, part of Asia. Lowly Mount Kosciuszko is the high point of the generally flat continent of Australia, and it is sometimes proposed as an alternate for Jaya. However, the standard approach these days seems to be that continent in question is the Australia/Oceania continent, which includes Australia and most Pacific Islands. This includes New Guinea, Hawaii, and New Zealand, all of which have higher mountains than Australia.
As a peakbagging pursuit, the seven summits was first conceived of by Dick Bass and Frank Wells and written about in the book Seven Summits. Dick Bass completed all seven after climbing Everest in 1985, but he did Kosciuszko, not Jaya, for his Australia/Oceania summit. Canadian climber Patrick Morrow was the first to complete the now-traditional seven summits, in 1986. Over 100 climbers have now done the Seven Summits, and these days it has become a popular quest. Everest and Vinson are the hardest, with guide services charging tens of thousands of dollars to take people to those peaks.
Links 7 Summits Completers from AdventureStats.com (Carstenz Version)
7 Summits Completers from AdventureStats.com (Kosciuszko version)
Seven Summits Climbers- EverestNews.com
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Man of Steel opened yesterday, a much-anticipated reboot of the story of Superman¡¯s origins. The title character is played by British actor Henry Cavill, who appeared at the June 12 U.K. premier of the movie in London sporting a Tom Ford suit and an Omega Seamaster wristwatch.
It has been reported that in 2005 Cavill was a contender to www.attrinity.com
play the new James Bond in Casino Royale, which hit theaters in 2006. Apparently, the producers found him too ¡°young¡± for the role at the time, and it was given to Daniel Craig. This is interesting because both James Bond and Daniel Craig are Omega ambassadors, though both of their model choices generally fall in the sporty Seamaster direction.
The version of the elegant Omega Seamaster that Cavill sports includes an annual calendar function. This replica omega Seamaster
addition to the automatic movement displays day and date, and will only need to be manually corrected on March 1 due to the differing lengths of February. One very notable thing about the Seamaster¡ªand every other movement now made by Omega¡ªis that it contains the Co-Axial escapement invented by Dr. George Daniels and serialized by Omega over the course of more than ten years to make it perfect for use in a wristwatch movement. The finely finished movement can be seen through the sapphire crystal case back of this officially certified chronometer¡ªwhich means that the movement has undergone a series of grueling tests performed by Switzerland¡¯s Contr?le Official Suisse de Chronom¨¨tres (C.O.S.C. for short), a non-profit organization established in 1973 in Switzerland to certify accuracy. The version that Cahill wears is housed in a 41 mm red gold case that is water-resistant to 100 meters. On a brown leather strap it retails for $23,900 in the United States.
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